As we have already mentioned in an other article, Hungary is full of interesting buildings and architecture. In this article we will talk about the 10 most interesting churches in Hungary.
1) Churches of Hungary – Matthias Church
The Matthias Church can be found in the Castle District in Budapest. It was named after one of Hungary’s kings called King Matthias. It is a Roman Catholic church located in front of the Fisherman’s Bastion. The original building was built in the Romanesque style in 1015 but it was destroyed by the Mongols in 1241. The current building was built in the Gothic style in the second half of the 14th century.
2) Churches of Hungary – Holy Spirit Catholic Church
The Holy Spirit Catholic Church can be found in Paks. It was designed by Hungarian organic architect Imre Makovecz in 1988 and is constructed entirely of wood.
3) Churches of Hungary – “Sziklatemplom”
The “Sziklatemplom” (literally cave-church) is located in the Gellért Hill Cave, in Budapest. Its construction was finished in 1931. It belongs to the Order of Saint Paul the First Hermit, a monastic order that was founded in Hungary in the 13th century. During the communist era it was first closed, then used as a dorm by the Hungarian National Ballet Institute. After the fall of the communist regime it was reopened by the order.
4) Churches of Hungary – The Votive Church and Cathedral of Our Lady of Hungary
The Votive Church and Cathedral of Our Lady of Hungary is located in the south of Hungary, in Szeged. Its construction began in 1913, but it was not completed until 1930 because of the First World War. It is the 4th largest building in Hungary. This church was built because there had been a huge flood in Szeged that destroyed almost the whole town and the surviving inhabitants of Szeged pledged to build a church.
5) Churches of Hungary – The Zsámbék Premontre monastery church
The Zsámbék Premontre monastery church is a ruin of a Romanesque church located in the town of Zsámbék. It was built in the 13th century. It was a family church built by the family of Aynard. Later it was transfered to the Pauline Fathers. It was then rebuilt in the Gothic style. It was badly damaged during the Turkish rule in Hungary and in 1736 it collapsed as a result of an earthquake. It has since been deserted.
6) Churches of Hungary – Holy Spirit Church, Hévíz
The Holy Spirit Church is the largest church in Hévíz. It can seat up to 1000 people. It was designed by János Bocskai. Its constraction started in 1996 and it was finished in 1999. It has got seven towers that represent the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit.
7) Churches of Hungary – St. Stephen’s Basilica
The St. Stephen’s Basilica can be found in the center of Budapest and it is the largest church in the city. It was named after King Stephen, the first king of Hungary whoes supposed right hand is housed in the reliquary of the church. This basilica is the most important church building in Hungary. It was designed by Miklós Ybl, one the most influential architects of Hungary. Its construction lasted for 54 years and was completed in 1905.
8) Churches of Hungary – Downtown Candlemas Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary
The Downtown Candlemas Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary can be found in the town of Pécs. It used to be a mosque called the Mosque of Pasha Qasim in the 16th- 17th century, during the Ottoman Occupation. It was built by Pasha Qasim the Victorious between 1543 and 1546 and it was converted into a church in 1702. It used to have a minaret as well that was destroyed by the Jesuits in 1766.
9) Churches of Hungary – Assumption Cathedral
The Assumption Cathedral is situated in Vác and it is one of the largest cathedrals in Hungary. The first cathedral on this site was built in 1074 but it was destroyed in the 14th century, during the Mongol invasion. The construction work of the current building started in 1761 and it was completed in 1777.
10) Churches of Hungary – Esztergom Basilica
The Esztergom Basilica is an ecclesiastic basilica in Esztergom. It is the largest church building in Hungary. Its altarpiece (13.5 × 6.6 metres, depicting the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, by Girolamo Michelangelo Grigoletti) is the largest painting in the world painted on a single piece of canvas. There were a few church buildings on the same site that were destroyed at different times during the Hungarian history. The current building was designed by Pál Kühnel. The original lead constructor was János Packh. Unfortunately he was murdered in 1838 and József Hild was placed in charge of the construction work.
I hope you enjoyed reading this list! 🙂
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